Technical Analysis 101 with Stocks Down Under: Candlestick charts and price action

Marc Kennis Marc Kennis, June 17, 2022

Technical analysis with Stocks Down Under

This is our second tutorial on Technical Analysis. You can find our first one on Sentiment and Stop Losses here!


Candlestick charts are widely used in technical analysis and were first introduced by the Japanese in the 1700s. Candlestick charts are constructed by the four most important elements in price information  the high, low, open and closing price – during a chosen time frame (hourly, daily, weekly, …) using a body and two wicks. 


No time to do stock research, but you still want to invest?
Stocks Down Under Concierge gives you timely BUY and SELL alerts on ASX-listed stocks!




In a chart with a daily timeframe, each candle represents the lowest traded price on that day by its lower shadow and the highest traded price by its upper shadow. If the stock closed higher than it opened, the body of the candlestick is white, with the opening price at the bottom of the body and the closing price at the top. If the stock closed lower than it opened the body is black and the top of the body shows the opening price and the bottom of the body shows the closing price. 

Technical Analysis



If you’ve been following Stocks Down Under for some time, you probably have noticed that we use candlestick charts for all our stock price charts. This is because we find candlestick charts to be the most effective in visualising important price points and the behaviour of the market during each session. This is particularly important when monitoring the price behaviour following an important inflection point, such as a breakout. 


Price action in technical analysis

After the price breaks out of a pattern or a trendline, we closely monitor the forming candlesticks following the breakout to assess the validity of the move. Particular sequences of candlesticks form various candlestick patterns which are the cornerstone of price action – a form of technical analysis that incorporates the behavioural analysis of market participants as a crowd from the evidence demonstrated in price movements. 

There are numerous candlestick patterns discussed in the technical analysis literature, but here we discuss a few of them that we have found the most effective in the stock market. 


Bullish Engulfing  

This candlestick pattern is formed by two candlesticks, a black body candle in a downtrend that is engulfed by a following white candle. It is a signal of strength on the side of buyers and starts below or at the close of a black candle and pushes the price above the high of the black candle. 

Technical Analysis




Bearish Engulfing 

Similar to the bullish engulfing pattern, but in the exact opposite manner. A white body candle in an uptrend which is engulfed by a subsequent black candle. The lower the black candle goes, the bigger the shift to bearish sentiment is. 

Technical Analysis





Three white soldiers 

This candlestick pattern consists of three white candles each closing higher than the previous day. This pattern signals high conviction on the side of buyers and it’s a strong bullish signal. 

Technical Analysis





Three black crows 

This candlestick pattern consists of three consecutive black candles each closing lower than the previous day. This pattern signals high conviction on the side of sellers and it is interpreted as a strong bearish signal. 

Technical Analysis






Three inside up  

A three-candlestick pattern that appears at the end of a downtrend and is composed of a small white candle preceded by a large black candle and followed by a large white candle that closes above the black candle. The small white candle signals weakening selling pressure while the following strong white candle signals that the bulls are getting control of the price. 

Technical Analysis





Three inside down 

Similar to the three inside up pattern, but in an opposite manner. A small black candle that is preceded by a large white candle and followed by a large black candle that closes below the white candle. It signals a shift in the sentiment to bearish. 

Technical Analysis






A few final comments

It is important to note that candlestick patterns in general are short-term in nature and their significance should be interpreted within the context of an overall trend. For example, if we notice on a chart that the downtrend is broken and we also detect a Three White Soldiers candlestick pattern, we can be more confident that a trend reversal has taken place and an uptrend has started. 

On the other hand, if we detect a Bearish Engulfing or a Three Inside Down candlestick pattern in the pull-back to the broken downtrend, we lose confidence in the possibility of a meaningful trend reversal. 

In our next Technical Analysis 101 article, we are going to discuss price trends, one of the most important concepts in the technical analysis literature that we also use frequently in our technical analysis insights. We will show you how to detect uptrends and downtrends, draw trendlines and find trend reversals. 


No time to do stock research, but you still want to invest?
Stocks Down Under Concierge gives you timely BUY and SELL alerts on ASX-listed stocks!




No credit card needed and the trial expires automatically.


Concierge 3 Smaller 300x79



Recent Posts

metal exchanges

Should I invest in metal exchanges rather than in resources stocks?

If investing in resources stocks (particularly junior explorers) is too risky, another option is investing in metal exchanges. But is…

Leo Lithium

Leo Lithium (ASX:LLL): Here’s why it was the best ASX lithium stock and why it isn’t anymore

Investors have been excited about Leo Lithium (ASX:LLL) over the past year and so have we! We thought this was…

top investing mistakes

Here are the 5 Top investing mistakes and how to avoid them

We recap the 5 top investing mistakes that investors make. These mistakes are not the only ones investors make, but…